FAQs about Type 2 Diabetes, treatments, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes, blood sugar levels, managing Type 2 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes reversal and remission.

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What is Type II Diabetes?


With Type II Diabetes your body does not use insulin properly…This is called insulin resistance. This is a stage when a person is trending towards becoming a diabetic but often shows no obvious signs except weight gain mostly in an around the abdomen. A good way of measuring this is to, check your hip and waist measurements. If they are the same or if you’re are trending toward having a larger waist measurement than your hip measurement, then this could be happening to you. After insulin resistance, your pancreas can no longer keep up with the over production of insulin, and it slowly decreases the production of insulin. Once fasting blood glucose levels exceed 124mg/dl, you are then considered diabetic.


What are the symptoms of Type II Diabetes?

A few of the first signs of Diabetes are call Glycosylate End Products. When Glucose is no longer used to make energy, it might hook to other proteins in your body. These signs usually start with skin signs; skin tags and dark skin markings often represent these end products. Your eyes can also have major complications. The retina in the eye can produce fatty deposits in the vessels, which results in diabetic retinopathies (blindness). Another symptom would be Glaucoma, which is in increase in the pressure inside of the eye, that can in turn cause blindness to occur. Cataracts and Neuropathy can also be a complications of Type II Diabetes. Neuropathy, which is a loss of nerve health, is a one of the most common systems of Diabetes. The blood vessels that bring nutrients and oxygen to the nerve cells, get clogged with fatty deposits, called small vessel disease. These nerves need fuel and oxygen to operate, and without that fuel, the nerves start to die off. This results in numbness, tingling and pain. Because of the loss of sensory nerves, slip and falls become a major consequence when it comes to Diabetes. High blood pressure, kidney disease, heart disease and stroke can also be related to Diabetes as well.


What are the risk factors for developing Type II Diabetes?

The biggest risk factor for Type II Diabetes is, lifestyle. A high sugar & high unsaturated fat diet, little to no exercise, and a sedentary life style are the biggest risk factors associated with this disease.  Type II Diabetes is a lifestyle disease; it seems to have no reverent evidence that there are any genetic links associated with it.  While it may run in certain families, this is often because families tend to eat, drink and move in similar lifestyles. Therefore, seeing the disease in a family tree is most often due to habits and not necessarily genetics.


How are you diagnosed with Type II Diabetes?

The traditional method of diagnosing Type II Diabetes is with a simple fasting blood test.  If your fasting blood glucose is at or above 124 mg/dl you are considered a Type II Diabetic. Also, in the early 1990’s another test called a Hemoglobin A1C (HBA1C) came out, and it measures your insulin spikes over a three-month period of time. A Hemoglobin A1C of greater than 5.4 is a potential marker for being classified as a Type II Diabetic.


What is the main difference between Type 1 and Type II Diabetes?

Type I Diabetes is a form of autoimmunity. This means that your own body is having an immune reaction against the beta cells in the pancreas. When this happens, those cells that are supposed to produce insulin in that area can no longer do so effectively. Diabetes Type I, before the turn of the century is 100% fatal. The first person to extract and use insulin on a human being was a Canadian Medical doctor named, Fredrick Banting. He later received a noble prize for this discovery.

Type II Diabetes is not an autoimmunity…It is a lifestyle disease. The Type II Diabetic has too much sugar and bad fats in their diet. They end up stressing the pancreas into making too much insulin, until the cells become dysfunctional and no longer can make sufficient amounts of insulin. At this point, the person fasting blood glucose levels rise to greater than 124mg/dl and they become classified/diagnosed as a Type II Diabetic.


What should my normal blood sugar level be?

Recent peer reviewed studies published at the National Institute of Health (NIH), suggest that normal fasting blood glucose levels should be between 80-85, plus or minus one standard deviation.


How can I manage my Type II Diabetes?

First of all, get tested! There is the fasting blood glucose, the post prandial blood glucose, and the Hemoglobin A1C. There is also another new test called the Glycomark. This is a test that is more sensitive than a Hemoglobin A1C and in the fact, measures blood sugar spikes from 1 to 3 days in your past, up to about two weeks. The first action should be to consult your personal medical doctor. Then you should seek consultation from a functional health practitioner or a functional nutrition practitioner to learn how you can appropriately manage your lifestyle and make the appropriate changes in order to put your Diabetes into remission before complications set in.

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